Christopher Columbus suspected the world was round, along with
all the other sailors that saw masts, for some reason, sink into the
horizon. But Columbus was the only one that convinced the Queen,
that if it were round, they'd both get rich.
Now if you want to comprehend how to track mega-tsunamis, do what
the Queen did, listen to a new way of thinking. Sorry, no
"get rich quick ", but at least you might
get to save the castle.
So drop that flat map, grab a globe, you are now in tsunami
Imagine a total water planet. Call it "Water World". There is no
land. All the oceans are three miles deep. Sinusoidal water gravity
waves travel with out energy loss when the depth is twice their
wavelength. It was reported that a steamer had been hit by a 500-mph
tsunami only 6 inches high, with a wavelength of one mile, in Deep
Ocean. The crew said it sounded like a giant sledgehammer had hit
But please, set all other tsunami experiences aside. Remember
your back in kindergarten.
Imagine now, a global "Water World", three miles deep, calm
water, no waves. Splash, a meteor hits at the North Pole. A large
wave appears, it forms a circle and proceeds out ward. A series of
ringlets appear and follow. In surfer terms, " Here comes a set."The
set" proceeds south. As the "set" proceeds, the rings get bigger and
bigger. But the waves heights get smaller and smaller, sorry
surfers. Imagine ringlets from a stone, dropped in a quiet pond. But
imagine these ringlet waves imposed on the top of "Water World", but
wrapping around "Water World". It is the same image as hot chocolate
syrup running down over an ice cream cone but add ringlets. When the
chocolate gets to the ice cream equator it usually starts dripping
off on your hand. Gravity pulls the chocolate straight down and off
the sphere. But on "Water World", gravity keeps pulling the water
into the center. Think with gravity, globally. It is easy to get to
this point. The "set" of ringlet waves on "Water World" gets to the
equator. But what happens next is a little sticky. They won't drip
off like the chocolate. The rings can not get any bigger, and
they're not going to stop. They will continue to travel on a curved
surface south. If you know next peculiar thing that happens to wave
height, you have graduated form tsunami kindergarten. You know how
sometimes waves, just because they are traveling on a curved
surface, can increase in wave height. Now add back in all you know
about tsunamis, and go track them. Tsunami waves can go five miles
inland. About one third of the worlds population lives near the
After ring waves pass the equator the rings, wave breadth, gets
smaller, and the waves get higher. When waves travel on curved
surfaces their wave height and wave breadth alternately go minimum
to maximum, like a sea-saw. Surfers like to go sideways, along the
breadth of a wave as it breaks. There are times, just because a wave
travels on a curved surface, wave breadth is minimized and wave
height is maximized. This is the origin of mega tsunamis. Waves that
could reach 1000 feet high and you understand why. If you are not
sure, for sure, actually do the following experiments. Everyone else
can do them in their mind as we go. Real kindergartners just do the
chocolate over ice cream experiment.
Fill a round cake pan with water one inch from the top. Allow all
the waves settle. Drop a marble in the center. Watch the ringlets
travel out. Watch them reflect of the side and them contract back
into the center. Notice if the wave height is inversely proportional
to changing ring circumference. Practice dropping the marble into
the exact center from different heights. See how many times you can
get the rings to reflect back and forth.
Imagine, once the marble hits, someone blows up a balloon under
the surface. Imagine these waves traveling on the balloon. Now what
happens after the waves get to the outer edge of the pan? Pretend
that is the balloons equator. Imagine the waves imploding on the
bottom half of the same balloon. Just because they travel on a
curved surface the rings get smaller and the waves get higher.
Repeat the image in your mind because it is a little harder when we
chop it all up to fit on Earth.
Bang on the side of the pan. See the rings generated travel
inward, implode then retract outward. Just for fun, Submerge the pie
pan in a bigger pan, one-inch below the surface. Bang the pan with
the edge of a knife. Do ringlets again appear, imploding to the
center? Hold the pan in the air. Whack it so hard the imploding wave
flies a drop in the air. When this happens on a water planet, it is
called a flying Tsam. It really must have happened one time or
another on our water planet. Imagine out at sea a giant ball of
water, a million gallons, flies straight up into the air and you
know the theory. During extreme global warming the earths surface is
90% water. All the land was once together, Pangia. Punch deep water
hard enough and you will get a Tsam at each end, if there is
Take a rubber band and stretch it over the center of a round
apple. Or, tie a rubber hose around a basketball. Slowly roll the
rubber off. Notice how the rubber gets thicker as the rubber is
rolled off. Notice how the rubber gets thicker as the ring gets
smaller. There is a conservation of rubber. Thick or thin, the
amount of rubber stays the same. The conservation of rubber is the
same as wave energy traveling on a curved surface.
Once waves pass the equator in "Water World" they start to get
higher, like the rubber gets thicker on the ball.
Let us restart "Water World", no Kevin Cosner, all is quiet.
Slice "Water World" in half with a giant piece of glass. Throw half
away. Now, through the glass we can view wave height as waves
travel. A half size meteor hits "Water half World", and half ringlet
waves proceed south. The waves get lowest at the equator and
heighten at the South Pole. Draw it, does it look
like Diagram #1?
If you believe in Tsams, draw one in.
See Diagram #1 .
Cut it in half again, notice how wave heights stay the
same, wave breadth is decreased by the amount of the cut. Wave
energy travels independent of its neighbor but dependent on its
surface. Wave energy always travels as an arc on a spherical surface
and on Earth. Earth is so big to us. We use flat maps and think like
all those people that thought Columbus was out of his mind. We live
on a sphere, so to comprehend global wave travel we must think
spherically. If you cut "Water World" into 24 sections what would
you have? A whole lot of cantaloupe. Yes, slices that can be used to
demark global wave travel.
Grab a globe, if you are lucky it already has the same 24 lines
we just cut "Water World" into. The globe also has 17 latitudinal
rings on it. Ring 0 degrees is the equator. For every 10 degrees of
travel North or South there are eight rings each direction. 16
rings, plus the equator is 17 rings. The poles are points, no wave
breadth, no ring, all wave height, look for flying Tsams. The
changing size of these rings can represent the change in breadth of
a wave as it travels north to south and back again in deep water. It
also shows wave breadth where the ring lines cross the wave path
lines. Waves can travel as a ring or an arc. A wave path can be like
a melon slice, only part of the whole melon.
If a meteor hit a pole in "Water World" we could use these
Latitudes and longitude lines to track the resultant wave paths. If
we could free these lines from the globe we could use them to track
waves from a meteor that hit anywhere on "Water World". Just swivel
North Pole to point of impact and start tracking.
Hold onto your globe tightly, one just hit North Pole Earth. Look
for water on your globe going North to South. Use the path between
two longitudes that just pass by Greenland. Pretend Iceland is not
there. The longitudes show where it is going. It is heading to
Antarctica. The intersections of the latitudes in the path represent
the changing wave breadth traveling south. But to track a tsunami
that we know now where it is going, we also want to know wave
Wave height is inversely proportional to wave breadth and this is
why. When water gravity waves travel in water with a depth twice the
wavelength, there is no energy loss through travel. All the energy
is conserved; there is a conservation of energy. When water gravity
waves travel on a sphere there is a cycling of energy form. From a
point source of energy for the first 90 degrees of travel, wave
height transposes to wave breadth .It reaches an equatorial arc.
Then for 90 degrees of wave travel, wave breadth transposes to wave
height, the tsunami is borne. At the pole, with no wave breadth, the
Tsam is borne. Therefore, for sinusoidal water gravity waves
traveling on a sphere with conservation of energy, wave breadth is
inversely proportional to wave height. By knowing the final height
and weight of a Tsam one can calculate the conserved energy of the
wave. This wave travel phenomena should also be true for other types
of sinusoidal wave travel like ones from earthquakes. Their
resultant sinusoidal waves traveling spherically in the mantle.
S-waves travel to the opposite diameter and reflect back a little
off epicenter because the world is a little pear shaped. After
shocks usually occur many hours after the initial quake and miles
away. Traveling at 1000 mph this would take 24 hrs. If this is true
there should also be after shocks opposite diameter of a point
source quake. But how can we prove that?
Hold fast the globe, another meteor hit North Pole Earth.
This time we have satellites that can measure wave arc, wave
height, wave breadth and wave speed. It is traveling between 15
degrees and 30 degrees west, between the same two longitudes. It is
going to hit Shackletons base camp, 75 degrees South, Antarctica. At
the equator the wave was going 500 MPH, it had a wave breadth of
1000 miles and a wave height of 4 feet. At 500 MPH it will travel
the 4500 miles to Antarctica in 9 hours. The latitude on the globe
intercepted by the two longitudes is 400 miles long at Antarctica.
CHECK OUT FIGURE #1 BELOW.
Final wave height DIVIDED
BY Initial wave height
4ft.= Initial wave breadth 1000
miles DIVIDED BY Final wave
breadth 400 miles =
Final wave height = 10ft.
Satellites are wonderful!
Imagine putting all the latitudes and longitudes on a clear
plastic sphere. Imagine being able to move the grid to anywhere on
the globe you want. We can now track any deep water, nautical wave
disturbance. Call old North Pole, top dead center or TDC. Call South
Pole, bottom dead center or BDC. Call the whole thing, Tsunami path
grid, or TP Grid. Longitudes are spaced every 15 degrees around the
equator. Latitudes are spaced, starting from the TDC, every 10
degrees to BDC.
Your TP grid is now "not" stuck to the North Pole. We can go
anywhere on Earth and bag some "Theoretical Mega Tsunamis".
Theoretical because no "Megas" have occurred in modern history. In
1692 there was an earthquake that set the town of Port Royal,
Jamaica on fire. Then a Tsunami drowned everyone.
Orient TDS of your TP grid in the middle of the Pacific Ocean,
right near Christmas Island. A meteor hits TDC and a set of ringlet
waves carry the meteors inertia energy, changed to wave energy,
outward. When the waves got to the first latitude they were 10 feet
high. Since wave height is inversely proportional to wave breadth we
can calculate wave height as the waves get near shore. The Pacific
Rim is almost at TP Grids equator. At the TP Grids first 10-degree
latitude the longitudes are 400 miles apart, wave height 10 feet.
The waves just fit between the longitudes. At the TP Grids equator
they are 1000miles apart. Wave height is inversely proportional to
wave breadth. See calculations Fig # 2.
Final wave height DIVIDED BY Initial wave
height 10ft. = Initial breadth 400 miles DIVIDED
BY Final wave breadth 1000mi. =
Final wave height = 4 ft.
These are the same values as Figure #1but we are using the
other end of TP Grid.
Wave height off shore would be about 4 feet. This accompanied
with normal wave height raise at the beach, there is great surfing
today. Remember this wave is a ringlet that has been stretched
almost around the entire Pacific Rim. Chocolate is thinnest at ice
cream cone equator. Remember this next time your sharing.
Under water landslides can cause tsunamis too. The simplest one
to track is one that occurs along the equator because your TP Grid
is correctly positioned on your globe. Near Christmas Island exactly
on the equator an under water landslide occurs. It is 1000 miles
wide and is right between the longitudes. The energy from landslide
forms two sets of water gravity waves. One set goes north, the other
South. It is called an "equatorial arc wave". This "equatorial arc
wave" is dangerous because either way it goes it is in the tsunami
phase of travel.
This wave only has to travel 45 degrees to double in size. If it
can travel 90-degrees to focus BDC, it could be 1000 feet high.
There are allot of places on earth where there are 90 degrees of
water travel to make a mega-tsunami. All the wave energy of the two
1000-mile wide waves will focus at two points if they get deep
water. Trace between the longitudes going north and south from
Christmas Island. Watch out Ross Sea and Alaska. Here comes a pair
of tsunamis. Sometimes when an under water landslide occurs the
negative half of the sinusoidal wave goes one way and the positive
the other. Drop a hockey puck that is one inch submerged in water
and figure which wave is the negative half of the sinusoidal wave.
The one going in or the one going out. If the slide at the equator
was facing Alaska, one can pick up fish off the drained Alaskan
Peninsula before they get their feet wet. This happened once in Hilo
Hawaii and many drowned when the positive wave hit.
What would be the worst under water landslide, tsunami condition?
The one that you are in. What would be one of the worst theoretical
under water, landslide, tsunami conditions?
A giant meteor crater, 1000 miles in diameter is half under water
and the other half is home to 10,000 people. An earthquake shakes
the rim and causes two waves to form, one inward, one outward. Align
latitude of TP Grid that matches the arc of the crater because that
would be the arc of the initial wave. Remember that every wave on a
sphere has an arc unless it has no breadth, it is a point. The
outward wave has to travel almost a full diameter to focus at BDC on
the grid. It is just a rogue wave eleven thousand miles away broken
up by many landmasses. The inner wave has only to go 500 miles to
focus on the shore. Could have this been the geology at Port Royal?
Remember banging on the pie pan with a knife under water and causing
ripples to implode?
Under water volcanoes like meteors cause point source waves that
must travel an earth diameter to focus. But underwater faults can
cause equatorial-arc waves that only have to travel half diameter to
focus. They "start" in the mega-tsunami phase. Sherlock Holmes could
probably match known tsunamis to their geographical origins using a
If Wave monitoring satellites are placed over the oceans and
designed to measure, (1) wave height, (2) wave breadth, (3) wave
arc, and (4) wave speed, one could take this information and using a
TP Grid track any tsunami in deep water.
Firstly one would match the arc of the wave with matching
latitude on TP Grid. Remember to put BDC to where it is going. An
equatorial-arc wave goes on the equator of TP Grid. Follow the
londatudes and look for land. By knowing the distance to land with
wave speed it is easy to calculate time of arrival. By knowing
initial wave height and wave breadth we can calculate wave height in
deep water before it hits shore. Initial wave height and breadth are
inversely proportional to final wave height and breadth. TP Grid
will show the closest latitude to shore, which is final " wave
deep-water breadth". Then add in all other tsunami knowledge of
waves colliding with the shore. There is one practical quirk at BDC.
With no wave breadth, look for Tsams. Bang on a pie pan almost full
of water and see if you can get an imploding wave to jump out of the
water. That is a home made Tsam.
Mr. Holmes could also apply TP Grid technology to known
reoccurring geological disturbances. Tsunamis caused by certain
reoccurring disturbances could be pre-tracked. One would only have
to wait (1) to see initial wave height and (2) to see if the
reoccurrence were in one's lifetime.
Mega- tsunamis terrorize our entire world; there is geological
evidence of waves 1000 feet high. Do we need a disaster to generate
"the good press" it takes to get major funding to institute a
program for "Tracking Satellites Under Nautical And Marine
Environments", (T.S.U.N.A.M.I.)? With satellites and a TP Grid there
is no more crying "Wolf". We will know when it is time to leave or "
get your feet wet".
If Atlas took a giant yank on Earths belt, two giant tsunamis
would head out to opposite poles. We would have two frozen flying
Tsams. Because that is what happens when you are living on a sphere.
Believe it or not, Tsam.